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Pronouns: the verb “to be” complements “teacher” or “business person”
|我是老师。Wǒ shì lǎoshī||I am a teacher|
|你是商人。Nǐ shì shāngrén||You are a business person|
|您是老师。Nín shì lǎoshī||You are a teacher|
|他是商人。Tā shì shāngrén||He is a business person|
|她是老师。Tā shì lǎoshī||She is a teacher|
|我们是商人。Wǒmen shì shāngrén||We are business people|
|你们是老师。Nǐmen shì lǎoshī||You all are teachers|
|他们是商人。Tāmen shì shāngrén||They are business people|
老 lǎo means old, but explanation is necessary. Firstly, it is used with reference to people but never things. Secondly, it is mainly used in combination with other characters to make titles of authority, for example 老师 lǎoshī teacher.
From time to time it is noted that 老 lǎo carries a positive meaning that old does not have in British culture. Since 老lǎo refers only to people and never to things, we may translate it as equivalent to senior, an English word that has the meaning of both “aged” as well as “having greater authority”.
商 shāng means business, and 人 rén means person or people, therefore 商人 shāngrén means “business person”.
Pronouns, the verb “to be” and the noun complements “man” and “woman”:
|你是男人。Nǐ shì nánrén||You are a man|
|你是女人。Nǐ shì nǚrén||You are a woman|
|他是男人。Tā shì nánrén||He is a man|
|她是女人。Tā shì nǚrén||She is a woman|
|他们是男人。Tāmen shì nánrén||They are men|
|她们是女人。Tāmen shì nǚrén||They are women|
You can often see Woman 女 nǚ and man 男 nán being used on their own as abbreviations on forms etc.
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